Alveoloplasty is a procedure that reshapes the bone that supports the teeth. The alveolar bone is the part of the jaw that holds the teeth in place. After a tooth has been removed, the alveolar bone may be very sharp. Any downward pressure on the gum tissue presses the sharp alveolar bone into the gums and causes a cutting type of pain. Sharp bone can also be very irritating to denture wearers. The misshapen bone can also cause food to be easily trapped between teeth and the gums. This may increase a patient’s susceptibility to periodontal disease.
An alveoloplasty is performed with a high-speed handpiece, which files away the bone and reshapes it into a more natural, comfortable shape. The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia. After surgery, patients will be relieved of pain when biting down. Denture wearers will also find wearing their dentures far more comfortable.